International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

View of the Bay, Makogai, Fiji

Fiji

Arrival jetty at Makogai. Source: http://fijimarinas.com/anchorage-at-makogai-a-significant-south-pacific-treasure/

Arrival jetty at Makogai. Source: Fiji Shores & Marinas

Leprosy was evident throughout other islands of the Pacific. In 1899, Fiji introduced a Leprosy Ordinance, and in 1911, the settlement on Makogai was opened. It was run by a French order of Nuns, the Missionary Sisters of the Society of Mary. By 1918 there were over 300 patients. More people were added in 1925 when people were sent from the leprosy settlement on Quail Island. There was strict segregation between living quarters of staff and patients. Patients were further grouped by nationality and gender. Patients were responsible for constructing their own buildings and farming. The nuns provided nursing and facilities, including schooling, sports, postal and banking services, film screenings, and a photographic dark room. (McMenamin)

Historical newspaper article on Makogai and the Ordinance in Kai Tiaki : The Journal of the Nurses of New Zealand 17.1 (1927): 6. [NB: use of the proscribed terms referring to people with leprosy]

History: Sister Mary Stella, Makogai: Image of Hope: A Brief History of the Care of Leprosy Patients in Fiji (Christchurch: Leper’s Trust Board, 1978)

Youtube video: Island of Hope (1949)

Jane Buckingham, “Leprosy in the Pacific Islands” WHO Goodwill Ambassador’s Newsletter for the Elimination of Leprosy 28 (October 2007)

Dorothy McMenamin, Leprosy and Stigma in the South Pacific: A Region-by-Region History with First Person Accounts (USA, North Carolina: McFarland & Co, 2011).

—-. “Recording the Experiences of Leprosy Sufferers in Suva, Fiji”, The Fiji Social Workers Journal, 1.1 (2005): 27-32.

View of the Bay, Makogai, Fiji

View of the Bay, Makogai, Fiji

Dormitory ward, Makogai (League of Nations Archive)

Dormitory ward, Makogai (League of Nations Archive)

Dressing room men's hospital compound

Dressing room men’s hospital compound

LON hospital compound---women to left

LON hospital compound—women to left

LON Portion of women's compound

LON Portion of women’s compound

Portion of men's compound gathering for injections

Portion of men’s compound gathering for injections

Women's ward

Women’s ward