International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

Timeline

Timeline Search

3,288 matches out of all 3,288, 31 to 60 displayed.

1139 Gafarias existed in Portugal, in the time of Dom Alfonso Henriques [Other] [Europe]
1200 Twenty-six leper houses in Provence, France. [Epidemiology] [Europe]
1223 King Afonso II of Portugal, who suffered from leprosy, died at thirty-eight years [Other] [Europe]
1248 San Lázaro Hospital of Seville – this hospital cared for patients until 1930s. It “served as the founding and management prototype for those Spanish leprosy hospitals in the New World.” Esateban Moreno Toral and M Teresa Lopez Dias, “The Influence of the San Lázaro Hospital of Seville in the Creation and Management Techniques of the `Lazaretto’ Hospitals in the Americas,” International Journal of Leprosy 65,2 (1 June 1997): 252-55 quoted in Thomas Hunter Smith, A Monument to Lazarus: The Evolution of the Leprosy Hospital of Rio de Janeiro Dissertation 1999. [Other] [Europe]
1256 Leprosy known in the Crimea (Rogers 3). [Other] [Europe]
1266 Leprosy known in Bergen, Norway (Rogers 3). [Other] [Europe]
1271 The present term for leprosy is "Ma-feng", which was first used in the medicinal book written by Zhu Zhen-Xiang of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 AD). Information supplied by H Y Li ) [Other] [China]
1300 Fourteenth and Fifteenth Century: Decline of leprosy in Europe. [Epidemiology] [Europe]
1300 Estimated 19 000 leprosy hospitals all over Europe. (From LEPRA website: http://www.lepra.org.uk/milestones.html) [Epidemiology] [Europe]
1355 Finland leper house. [Other] [Europe]
1368 Shen Zhi-Wen, a leprologist from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD), in his book Jie Wei Yuan Shu, termed leprosy as "Feng Lai" and regarded it as a contagious disease. Information supplied by H Y Li ) [People] [China]
1368 In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) leprosy was called by a term that meant a punishment from heaven. Information supplied by H Y Li ) [Other] [China]
1400 1400-1410: St Jørgen’s Hospital founded in Bergen, Norway. [Other] [Europe]
1488 Xue Yi (1488-1588), a famous doctor from the Ming Dynasty described "dialectical methods" for the treatment of the disease in a monograph on leprosy titledLi Yang Ji YaoInformation supplied by H Y Li ) [Treatment, People] [China]
1500 Sixteenth Century: According to Maurano (1944), the Portuguese would have been responsible for the introduction of leprosy to Brazil; he claims the disease arrived there with the colonisers who disembarked at the first colonies, principally Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife, at the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries.
Source: F. Maurano, Tratado de leprologia. História da lepra no Brasil e sua distribuição geográfica. Rio de Janeiro: Ministério da Educação e Saúde. Departamento Nacional de Saúde. Serviço Nacional de Lepra, 1944. V.1, pp. 16-19. Cited in: AP Velloso, & V Andrade, Hanseníase: curar para eliminar. Porto Alegre, 2002. [Epidemiology] [Brazil, Europe]
1500 Sixteenth - Eighteenth Centuries: Leprosy spread from Spain to Colombia, Equador, Cuba, Mexico and southern United States. [Epidemiology] [Central America, Europe, North America, South America, West Indies]
1500 Sixteenth - Eighteenth Centuries: Leprosy spread from Africa to Santo Domingo, Cartagena, Jamaica, parts of South America and southern United States. [Epidemiology] [Africa, North America, South America, West Indies]
1500 Beginning of the slave trade, San Domingo. [Other] [West Indies]
1500 1500-1591 - Souza Araújo claims in History of Anti-leprosy Legislation in South America in the Colonial period that leprosy was imported by European immigrants and especially by African slaves; about 50 000 of them. [Epidemiology] [Brazil, Europe]
1518 Li Shi-Zhen (1518-1593), the great Chinese pharmacologist, confirmed the effect of chaulmoogra oil in the treatment of leprosy in his classic work Ben Cao Gang Mu. He also described methods of preparation of the remedy. Information supplied by H Y Li ) [Treatment, People] [China]
1519 Jesus Chico asserted that the Spanish conquistadors of Mexico discovered many cases of leprosy among the natives (questionable - perhaps pinto or leishmaniasis). [Other] [Central America]
1520 1920s - Spanish established the first leprosy hospital at Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola [Other] [West Indies]
1521 1521-1524 / 1526-28 - Hernán Cortés founded the first leprosy hospital in Mexico City
Hospital Dr Pedro Lopez (source Joyce Naylon)
ALM has worked in Mexico since 1989 (ALM web page 2000) [Other] [Central America]
1531 January 31: first documentary evidence of leprosaria in Cape Verde in a letter from the King of Portugal, appointing 'Francisco de Aruajo, accountant ... caretaker of orphans, hospitals, chapels, monasteries and leprosaria ['gafarias'] on the islands of Cabo Verdi. A Loretti, and D Garbellini, 'Leprosy in the Cape Verde Islands', Leprosy Review (1981), 52: 337-48, p. 338. [Other] [Africa]
1531 FogoJan 31: first documentary evidence of leprosaria in Cape Verde in a letter from the King of Portugal, appointing 'Francisco de Aruajo, accountant ... caretaker of orphans, hospitals, chapels, monasteries and leprosaria ['gafarias'] on the islands of Cabo Verdi. A Loretti, and D Garbellini, 'Leprosy in the Cape Verde Islands', Leprosy Review (1981), 52: 337-48, p. 338. [Leprosarium] [Cape Verde]
1531 San AntâoJan 31: first documentary evidence of leprosaria in Cape Verde in a letter from the King of Portugal, appointing 'Francisco de Aruajo, accountant ... caretaker of orphans, hospitals, chapels, monasteries and leprosaria ['gafarias'] on the islands of Cabo Verdi. A Loretti, and D Garbellini, 'Leprosy in the Cape Verde Islands', Leprosy Review (1981), 52: 337-48, p. 338. [Leprosarium] [Cape Verde]
1555 Leprosy in Iceland widespread, four leper houses (Ehlers quoted in Rogers 17). [Epidemiology] [Europe]
1563 Peru - Souza-Araujo states in “History of Antileprosy Legislation in South America in the Colonial period” that there were a few cases in Lima, but the disease did not become prevalent [Epidemiology] [South America]
1563 Antón Sanchez opened the first leprosy hospital in Lima, Peru [Other] [South America]
1563 San Lázaro HospitalSan Lázaro was founded, financed by a wealthy Spaniard, Antón Sanchez. [Leprosarium] [Peru]
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