International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

  • International Leprosy Association -
    History of Leprosy

    Database

    Macmillan Brown Library, University of Canterbury

    Location

    Category Institutional Archive
    Organization Pacific Leprosy Foundation
    Country New Zealand
    Address University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Telephone (03) 364 2987 ext 8177
    Fax (03) 364 2816
    Email macbrown@libr.canterbury.ac.nz
    URL http://library.canterbury.ac.nz/

    Notes

    The archives of the Pacific Leprosy Foundation in the Macmillan Brown Library contain 617 entries including material associated with the administration of the foundation, correspondence with leprosy missions sponsored by the foundation, and reports on that work.

    Researchers interested in the Pacific Leprosy Foundation should also consult the database entry for the Foundation's own archives.

    The administrative material includes the financial administration records. This includes cheque records, receipt books (1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1954, 1955), rental records (1945-46, 1951-53), cash and goods books (1930, 1934, 1941 and three with no date), bank deposits (1954-60); and balance sheets (1938-65). There are the nursing sisters accounts books (1947-51, 1954-65); and the wages and time book (1943-44). This lists dates and times of hours worked and wages received. It also includes a list of 144 photos and extracts of letters of Makogai workers and patients.

    Records of investments are kept for the following years: 1964-68, 1967-70, 1967-71, 1968-71, 1969-70, 1969-75, 1971-73, 1973, 1974-78, 1979, 1980, 1981-82, 1984-85. Donations and allocations records are held for 1944-48 (donation queries); 1944-1947 (donations by organisations); 1954-56 (donations and receipt requests); 1954-58 (allocation to Tahiti); 1959-75 (donations and press cuttings); and 1963-67 (correspondence associated with donations). There are also records for 1968-71, 1971-74, 1975-78, 1970-79, 1979, 1982-85, 1986; and in 1969 of the Wiggins donation.

    As an example, the Makogai Leper Collection Record Books are organised in columns listing names, addresses, amounts, articles and goods contributed from around New Zealand. The 1937 book contains an envelope with newspaper cuttings (undated and from unknown newspapers). One photo has a caption, “From Makogai Island - Dr C J Austin, superintendent of the leper colony, and Father Peter Gonnet, SM, chaplain to the nursing sisters, who are visiting the Dominion. Another shows the “Investiture at Makogai – Gala Day for Leper Patients”. This cutting quotes from letters from patients at Makogai to Mr Twomey, the Honorary Collector for the Foundation. It describes the visit to Makogai of the Governor of Fiji to present the Reverend Mother with an MBE.

    There is correspondence associated with policy and administration (1981-83, 1984) and with administration and accounts (1968-71). Tax returns are kept for 1975-84; depots and committee records are kept for 1944-53.

    Advertising records are held for 1945-52, 1966-68, 1969-75, 1976-77; documents associated with publicising the work of the foundation are held for 1954 (press releases); 1964-67, 1968-73, 1969-79, 1970-73, 1972, 1973-78, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1978-79, 1979-80, 1981-83, 1985, 1980. Documentation associated with the following is held: fundraising appeals for 1969-71 and 1976-79; the National Appeals Association for 1977-79, 1980-81, 1982, 1983-84, 1985-86; planning 1980-81, 1983, 1984, 1984-85, 1986; the Australian Institute of Fundraising 1981-82, 1984, 1985; and Subscriptions 1968-71, 1971-73.

    Documents associated with insurance cover the years 1968-71, 1973, 1974; legal correspondence 1970-73; the Lions Club 1968-72, 1975-84 and the Rotary Club 1976-82, 1968-75. There are also letters and notebooks for 1955-63.

    Correspondence records and minutes of meetings are available for the Makogai relief vessel committee 1952-54; 1954-57; 1965-71, 1967, 1972-74; the Trust Board 1950-60; 1952 (minutes and report for board meeting) 1954-59 (correspondence and documents); the Fiji Board 1966-73; and the Appeal Committee Minutes 1963-75. The Notebook contains the draft minutes for 1947, 1950, 1947-51, 1947, 1948, 1944, 1952 meetings.

    Newsletters for 1943-46 are also a part of this collection.

    The collection contains correspondence. The earliest of this is directed at P J Twomey, the Honorary Collector for the Foundation. For example, some correspondence for the years 1960-61 concerns New Caledonia, New Hebrides, and the North and South Solomons. This includes letters arranging the itinerary for visits to various Mission and Leprosy Colonies in the Pacific such as Suva, Vavau, Nukualofa, Nuie, Apia, Pago Pago, Makogai Leper Station, New Caledonia, Port Moresby, Lace, Rabault and Buka on Bougainville Island, North Solomons, Gizo (Methodist Leprosy Mission), and Kalombangara, the Dominican Mission’s New Hospital Dispensary on Choiseul.

    Places mentioned in this example of correspondence include the hospital at Piva, Bougainville, Vunapore Station in Rabual, Piva Hansenide near Torokina; St Barnabus leprosarium; Epi hospital and Lolowai. People mentioned include Bishop L Lemay SM Catholic Mission, Sohano, Bougainville; H Eadon, the local secretary of the South Seas Evangelical Mission, Honiara, British Solomon Islands; Betty Pyatt, Sister in Charge, The Golden Memorial Hospital, Lolwai, Via Santo, New Hebrides; T J M Jamieson, Medical Superintendent, Paton Memorial Hospital, Vila, New Hebrides.

    The collection contains correspondence with the following:

    Fiji: 1959-70, 1959-78, 1964-72; the Leper Sub Station, Korovou, Suva 1957-61; Fiji Board 1972-73, 1974-77; Fiji School of Medicine1970-71, 1972-74, 1975-77; Fiji Island Governments 1967-71, 1972-73; Fiji New Hospital 1963-70; and Mokogai 1941-60 (Leper Station); 1950-53, 1955-56;

    New Hebrides 1944-52, 1975, 1976, 1977; survey accounts 1947-54;

    New Caledonia 1953-75, 1957-66, 1968-73; 1981-82, 1983-85; press articles 1953; and government medical departments 1976-80;

    Solomon Islands 1941-43, 1976-77, 1978, 1982; 1981, 1985, 1986; Helena Goldie Hospital 1983, 1983-85; Medical Department Correspondence 1984 and 1985;

    Tonga 1983-85, 1986; Government Medical Departments 1976-80; Tongan Leprosy Patients Trust Centre 1972-75, 1982-83;

    Nuie 1961-67 (Nuie and Cook Islands); 1974-5; Government Correspondence 1967-73;

    Western Samoa 1978-79, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1983-84, 1985;

    Vanuatu 1978, 1979-80, 1981, 1981-2, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986;

    Gilbert and Ellice Islands 1960-66, 1967-71, 1968-71, 1972-78, 1974-75;

    Tahiti 1961-71, 1972-73, 1975-81;

    Papua New Guinea 1972-73;

    Tuvalu 1976-81;

    Kiribati 1979-81, 1982-85

    There are records of correspondence for nursing sisters for 1944-59, 1947-63; for the Twoomey Memorial Hospital 1969, 1974-76, 1977, 1981, 1982, 1982-3, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986; and for Duindui Hospital 1974-75.

    There is ministerial correspondence for 1943-50 and correspondence with the Ministry and Department of Foreign Affairs 1962-73, 1978, 1981-2, 1982 and the Department of Health 1969.

    There are records of correspondence with NZ Government Voluntary Agencies 1984-85; ILEP 1975-79, 1980-82, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987; The Leprosy Mission 1954-57, 1957-64 (Mission to Lepers); 1968-73, 1972-75, 1976-78, 1978-81, 1982-85; Overseas Leprosy Organisations 1974-75; CORSO 1968-72, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976; the Leprosy Study Centre (London) 1971 (photos); 1975-81; Medical Aid Abroad 1972-75; and the National Council of Churches 1967-70.

    There is correspondence associated with the appointment of a Leprosy Medical Officer 1952-54, 1963-67 (Customs Duty/Government/Appointment of a Medical Officer).

    Names:

    His Lordship the Right Reverend A T Hill MBE, Anglican Bishop of Melanesia; Pastor Ferguson, President, Seventh Day Adventist Mission, Kukudu;

    A H Voyce, Secretary of Synod, Methodist Mission, Kihili, Buin, Bougainville, New Guinea;

    Dr Thompson – Medical Superintendent, Melanesian Hospital, Fau’bu;

    Sister Crawford at St Francis’ Colony, Fauabu;

    Rev. Father Moore SM, Procurator Catholic Mission, Honiara.

    Places:

    Hobohohoro Leper Village and Ombafau Leper Village;

    Leper Colony at Fauatu;

    Leper stations at Kwalambesi (larger) and Kukudu; Kwailabesi and Kukudu for Bismark-Solomons Union Mission of Seventh Day Adventists;

    Orotata Leprosy Center, Tahiti;

    Melanesian Hospital and Leper Settlement at Fauabu on the British South Solomons; Catholic Mission Hospital and Mothercraft Center at Buma on the large island of Maliata South and West Solomons;

    Methodist Mission Hospital at Roviana

    Reports held in this collection include the following:

    Lepers Trust Board 1948 (overview); History of the Lepers Trust Board 1979, 1980-86 (correspondence); First Conference 1950 (minutes and reports); Second Leprosy Trust Board Conference (documents and final report) 1953; Conference reports 1957; board members reports to meetings 1976-85; board members correspondence 1979, 1980-81, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984; board members appointments and resignations 1958-59, 1976-80, 1981-85; and board members general correspondence 1985, 1986; Executive and Subcommittees notices of meeting and reports 1968-70, 1972-73, 1974-77, 1978, 1979, 1980-81, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985;

    Surveys and Reports – South West Pacific 1967-71;

    Reports from Missions 1979;

    Lepers Trust Board Samoa 1967-68, 1969-71, 1972-73, 1974, 1975-76, 1977 and Western Samoa 1977;

    Solomon Islands: Reports and Correspondence 1954-71, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1979-80, 1982,1983; draft report (May 1988);

    Tonga: Reports and Correspondence 1981;

    Tahiti Reports 1954-66;

    New Hebrides Reports and Correspondence 1950-83, 1967-71, 1972-74, 1975; Medical Reports 1949-78;

    Leprosy in New Caledonia c1950

    MDT 1975-77

    Medical Report 1952-54; British Solomon Islands and Fiji 1938-65;

    Medical Advisory Committee 1969-71, 1972-77;

    The Commission on World Mission and Service 1969-70.

    There is documentation relevant to the following missionary groups:

    Marist Missions 1953-54 (statements); 1959-82 (correspondence)

    Catholic Mission Solomon Islands 1955-57 (correspondence: adoption plan); 1959-66, 1967-71;

    Methodist Mission (Solomon Islands, adoption plan) 1955-57; 1961-79 (Methodist Mission Correspondence); 1960-66, 1966-71, 1972-73, 1974-78, 1979-81, 1981-82, 1986;

    Presbyterian Mission (Solomon Islands, adoption plan) 1955-57; (New Hebrides) 1957-59, 1962-66; Presbyterian Church correspondence 1961-66;

    Anglican Mission (Solomon Islands, adoption plan) 1952-57; (New Hebrides) 1967-71;

    Churches of Christ Medical Mission 1967-71, 1972-3, 1975-80;

    South Seas Evangelical Church 1969-66, 1968-73, 1975-80, 1981-85;

    Seventh Day Adventist Mission 1967-71, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-79, 1980-85;

    Presbyterian Mission 1967-69, 1970-73, 1974-75; 1976-82 (Vanuatu), 1980-82;

    Dominican Mission 1967-69, 1970-73, 1974-76, 1976-85;

    Marist Mission 1972-73, 1974-77, 1978-79, 1980, 1981, 1982-83, 1983-84, 1985;

    Melanesian Mission 1959-67, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1982-85; 1972-73, 1974-79 (Anglican Melanesian Mission);

    Missions Positions 1968-70, 1972-73, 1974, 1974-79, 1980-83;

    Names of People with whom the Foundation corresponded in 1960 are as follows:

    Bishop A T Hill, Melanesia Mission, Honiara, British South Solomons; Mr H W Bullen, General Secretary, Melanesian Mission, Auckland; Mr S G Andrews, General Secretary, Methodist Mission, Auckland; Rev. Mr J S Murray, Presbyterian Church of New Zealand, Auckland; Pastor W W Petrie, Seventh Day Adventist Mission, Christchurch; Pastor in Charge, Seventh Day Adventist Mission, Le Sett, Kolombangara, Near Gizo, British Solomons; Priest in Charge, Catholic Mission Station, Takwa, British Solomons; Miss Joy Thompson, Methodist Mission Station, Vella Lavella, British South Solomons; The Chairman, Methodist Headquarters, Vella Lavella, British South Solomons; Rev Father D Moore, Vicar General Catholic mission, Honiara, British South Solomons; Dr G Thomas, Melanesian Hospital, Fauabu, Malaita, British South Solomons; The Pastor in Charge, South Seas Evangelical Mission, Honiara, British South Solomons; Miss Betty Pyatt, Sister-in-Charge, Leper Settlement, Lolowai, New Hebrides; Sister Mary Walls, Epi Hospital, Vile, New Hebrides; The Chairman, Presbyterian Mission, Vila, New Hebrides; The Priest in Charge, Dominican Mission Station, Gizo, British Solomons; and Sir John Gutch or the Acting High Commissioner, Honiara, British South Solomons.

    There are records of correspondence with the WHO for 1971-78, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1981-82, 1983; and material concerning the WHO Leprologist 1969-73, 1974-75, 1975 (Dr L L Bravo); 1976-78, 1979-85.

    There is correspondence relating to the film Alone No Longer 1972-73; other films and tours 1970-71, 1973-74, 1974-76; 1974, 1977-78 ; Reynolds Film Productions 1979-80; Film Production1981-86; and drafts for “Through the Islands of Sorrow and Hope” nd.

    Records dealing with local representatives of the foundation include the Wellington Representative 1980-81, 1982-83, 1984-85; Auckland 1978-79, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985; and Dunedin 1973-84, 1983-85.

    Names mentioned as recipients of, or initiating, correspondence include:

    C E Allen, New Plymouth 1942;

    A S Geddes Chairman of the Lepers’ Trust Board 1969-70;

    Steven Havili 1970-71;

    Leonard Marzyano 1982-83;

    Professor Watson 1982-83, 1983-85, 1986-87 (Leprosy Research); 1987;

    F A Tonge 1949-63; 1962 Press Cuttings (Tonge Court Case).

    In addition, oral histories conducted by Dr Jane Buckingham and Ms Dorothy McMenamin with the people at the Twomey Hospital, Suva, Fiji, have been deposited with the Pacific Leprosy Foundation Collection. These interviews are on closed access.

    Entry made April-June 2002 and updated January 2016

    Contact

    Organization University of Canterbury, New Zealand
    Address Macmillan Brown Library, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.
    Telephone +64 (03) 364 2987 ext 8177
    Fax +64 (03) 364 2816
    Email macbrown@libr.canterbury.ac.nz

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