International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

Database

TLM International

Location

Category Leprosy Organisation
Organization The Leprosy Mission
Country United Kingdom
Address 80 Windmill Road, Brentford, Middlesex, TW8 0QH, UK
URL http://www.leprosymission.org

Notes

The Leprosy Mission International, Brentford, holds extensive records of its work as both The Mission to Lepers and the Leprosy Mission.

Organisational material includes: the Mission to Lepers - Constitution and Home and Indian Organisation 1916-21 and Mission to Lepers Corporation: formation 1934. There are records associated with the International Executive Committee 1985-7; the General Purpose Committee 1983-7; the General Secretary’s Monthly Newsletter 1965-74; budgets of TLM 1949-79; the Finance Department 1979-86; Reports to Council 1921-33; and the Medical Advisory Board 1956-77.

Records relating to European-based regional activities include Secretary for Europe 1966-79; Europe Miscellaneous Countries 1970-9; Subcommittee for England 1944-48; England and Wales Committee 1962-86; Ireland 1921-26, 1925, 1949-51, 1952-59, 1960-9, 1970-9, 1980-86; Scotland 1935-83; Denmark 1946-51, 1953-86; Finland 1968-86; Sweden 1973-1984; France 1946; Portugal 1973-79; Germany 1958-87; and Switzerland 1944-86.

Records and correspondence relating to American-based activities include Canada 1917-1948; 1952-59, 1960-69, 1970-9, 1980, 1981-5; USA 1915-1948, 1949-50, 1951; and the American Leprosy Missions 1953-8, 1960-9, 1970-9, 1980-86 (including publications pre-1960s).

South Pacific-based activities include Australia 1944-7, 1949-86; the Secretary for Australia 1919-43; New Zealand 1944-6; and the Secretary for New Zealand 1913-43. South African-based activities are documented in the following years: 1947, 1950-51, 1960-86.

Activities in India are kept for the Secretary for India 1912-58 and India-Associate Secretaries 1958-62. Activities in Asia are documented for Canton 1910-17 and the Secretary for the Far East (China) 1915-40; Medical Secretary for China 1946-51; and the Chinese Mission to Lepers 1947-50; Secretary for South Asia 1959-60; Secretary for Southern Asia 1959-1981; Director to Southern Asia 1982-6; Secretary for the Far East 1962-1971; Representative for the Far East 1972-5; Secretary for South East Asia 1976-1986.

There are documents related to surveys of China 1925, South America 1920, and Burma 1916.

Reports, correspondence, and some field notes (as indicated) exist for the following: in the United Kingdom: St Giles Home for Lepers, Essex (1916, 1947-72); in Europe: Greece 1951-57; Esthonia (sic) 1921-38; and the Middle East 1986; Persia, Tabriz 1911-15; Afghanistan 1968-74; and field files for Jordan 1959-71.

In India records exist for the following locations: Agartala, Tripua (1959-67); Akidu (Akividu) Andhra Pradesh (1958-79); Alleppey (1912-1942); Ambala (1915-1951, 1955-74); Almora (1914-51, 1955-84); Barharwa, Bihar (1973, 1978-87); Bankura (1914-1951, 1955-66, 1967-87) and field files 1975-9; Belgaum (1910-1951, 1955-87); Bhagalpur, Bihar (1914-51, 1955-75); Calcutta 1914-51, 1955-87); Calicut (Kerala) (1913-51, 1955-72); Chamba (1909-39); Champa (1917-51, 1955-84); Chandag (1914-47, 1955-87); Chandkhuri (1913-51, 1955-84); Chingleput (1922-51, 1971-84); Colachel (Neyyoor) (1958-81, 1990-91); Cuttack 1916-54); Dayapuram (Manamadurai) (1976-87); Dhamtari (Shantipur) (1914-28, 1929-60, 1958-84: the station diary for 1927-71 is also kept); Dhar (1958-70); Dharmsala (1912-1915); Dichpalli (1912-51, 1955-87); Faizabad (1946-51, 1936-60, 1961-63, 1967-75, 1976-84 (and Barabanki), and field files 1971-75); Gaya, Bihar (1960-75); Hatigarh, Orissa (1958-1970); Jahadhri (1975); Jarhagaon, including Mungeli (1912-70); Jhalda (1973-87); Jorhat, Assam (1945-78); Kagal (1955-72); Kalimpong, West Bengal, India (1912-73); Kangpokpi (1958-68); Karur, Tamil Nadu (1868-1979, 1976-1981); Kilanjunai (1958-81); Kirigiri (1946-87); Kodur, Andhra Pradesh (1961-70); Kolra, Karnataka (1973-78); Kondhwa (Poona), Maharashtra (1959-66); Kothara (1912-84, 1958-79); Kurupam (1973-79); Ludhiana Christian Medical College (1976-81); Ludhiana Punjab (1959-87); Madha (1982-85); Madrapakkam (1961-76); Manamadura, India (1913-51, 1955-75); Mandalay, Burma (1913-48, 1955-78); Matunga, Maharasthra (1965-73); Mayurbhanj, Orissa (1954-79); Miraj (1912-51, 1955-78, 1985-87); Moulmein, Burma (1912-51, 1955-87); Muttathur (1961-76); Muzaffarpur (1912-51, 1955-84); Mysore (1959-81); Nagercoil (1963-79); Naini, India (1913-23-51, 1955-87); Narsapur (1923-51, 1955-87); Nasik (1913-87 and filed files for 1958-77); Nawa Bhandaria (1964-70); Nazareth (Peikulam) (1954-75); Nuzvid (1979); Oddanchatram (1966-1991); Pachod, Maharashtra (1964-75); Palampur Tamilnadu (1955-77); Parvathipuram, India project (1983); Poladpur (and Pui) (1913-84); Pithapuram (1958-1979); Purulia (1908-46; 1915-48, 1916-1921, 1952-87; diary/visitors book 1902-5); Raipur (1912-57); Rajnandgaon (1912-78); Ramachandrapuram (1912-79, 1976-87); Raniganj (1912-60); Ranipet (1959-73, 1976-1981); Ratlam Madhya Pradesh (1979, 1988-1991); Saldoha, Bihar (1958-76); Salur (1912-51, 1955-60, 1967-75, 1978-84) and Kurupam (1976-7, 1985-87); Sambalpur (1955-64); Sankeshwar (1957-78, 1967-77); Santipara, Assam (1959-78); Satara (1958-67); Serango, Orissa (1964-76); Shahdara, Delhi (1980-87); Subathu (1913-51, 1955-81); Takhatpur, Madhya Pradesh (1961-79); Tarn Taran (1912-81); Udayagiri (1961-85); Utraula (1962-81); Vadala (1944-81); Vadathorasalur (1917-51, 1955-84); Vellore (1955-84); Vembayam (1959-63); Vuyyuru Andhra Pradesh (1959-79); Vizianagram (1912-51, 1955-84); Wandiwash Tamil Nadu (1955-77, 1976-84); Bihar and Madras (1939), and Sri Lanka: Hendala (1959-77).

For Bangladesh: HEED Kamalganj (1974-87); Chandraghona (1921-51, 1955-87); and for Pakistan: Karachi (1959-67) and Rawalpindi (1912-72, and 1952-4).

For Nepal: Kathmandu (1959-87); Tansen [the UMN hospital at Tansen took on responsibility for the patients at Malunga in the early 1960s] (1960-81); Pokhara (1957-84) with field files for 1971-79 and Dr J G Anderson’s reports (1970). There are also documents associated with the United Mission to Nepal (1955-62); Dr Chandy (1955-1958); Miss E Lodge 1982-7; and Nepal generally (1960-70).

For Bhutan (1964-72); Gida Kom 1973-87); Mongar (1973-87); Shemgang (Yebilapcha) (1982-87); Lhuntsi (1979); Riserboo (1979); and documents associated with the Coordinator for Bhutan (1986-7).

For Korea: Chinju (1914-22); Seoul (1919-21); Soonchun (1916-39); Fusan (1912-28; 1919-28); Pusan (1929-42, 1948-55); Kwangju (1910-28); Taiku (1913-37); the Representative in Korea (1956-1964) and the Business Manager and Medical Superintendent (1964-85).

For Japan 1967-78 (generally) and documents on homes formerly owned/aided (1932-58); Kusatsu (1917-23), Kumamoto (1913-1915); Osaka (1913-26); Oshima (1911-30); and Tokyo (1912-39).

For Malaya and Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur (1914-81); Penang (1911-48); Kuching (1967-78). For the Philippines: Culion (1912-48, 1922-28; 1952-81), and for Singapore (1918-78). For Thailand (1913-28, 1956-69); Manorom (1970-72, 1971-84); Chiengmai (1929-48, 1970-87) and reports from 1965-86. For Vietnam (1958-73).

For Indonesia: Bali (1957-63 and 1970-87); Biak, Irian Jaya (1974-79); Cirebon (1977-78); Manakwari (1978-79); Medan (1974-79); and field files for Sitanala (1975-79) and (1961-70).

For Papua New Guinea, there are documents for: Gemo Island (1952-57); and for PNG generally (1958-71, 1979-84).

For China, there are documents associated with work in the following places: Tsinan 1919-25, 1926-28, 1929-48, 1949-53; Chengtu 1934-1948, 1949-51; 1949-51; North Fukien Leprosy Committee 1949-50; Hangchow 1914, 1928, 1929-33, 1934-43, 1945-48, 1949-50; Kienow 1934-48, 1949-50; Kutien (Kucheng) 1912-1928, 1929-48, 1949-51; Lanchow (Kaolan) 1929-48, 1949-53; Loyuan 1950; Nosuland 1947-48, 1950-51; Pakhoi 1918-36, 1950-51; Salachi 1946-47, 1949-51; Siaokan 1925-33, 1934-48, 1949-52; Chao-Tong-Fu Yunnan (Stonegateway) 1913-26, 1923-1948, 1949-51; Tenghsien 1915-28, 1929-33, 1934-48, 1949-50; Tsingchowfu 1934-48, 1950-51; Yengping 1949-51; Zangpeh 1949-51; Foochow 1909-28, 1929-48; Hokchiang1909-27; Kien Ning 1912-17, 1918-33; Lanchowfu 1923-28; Lo Yuan 1909-28, 1929-49; West China: Sapu-Shan 1916-24; Siao-Kan 1912-28; Putien/Sienya 1913-28, 1929-47, 1949-50; Sikkim 1908-14; Sunning 1918-29; Tungkun 1912-24, 1925-39; Wuchow 1906-28, 1929-43; Yenping 1912-28, 1929-48; Nanchang 1933-39; Satow 1930-40; Futsing 1929-47; Hong Kong 1950-51; 1954; Secretary for Hong Kong and the Far East 1955, 1956-57, 1958; Hong Kong and Hay Ling Chau 1959, 1960-71; Hong Kong Auxiliary 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1962-1986; Sarawak (Kuching) HK file 1967-74; China 1943-4, 1946-8; Dr N D Fraser’s file 1947-51, 1980-86.

For Formosa, Taihoku (1926-28) and for Taiwan: Taipeh (1949-51); Happy Mount Colony (1924-41, 1944-66, 1953-66 (children’s work); and field files for Taiwan (1959-79).

For Antigua 1951-57, with field files for 1974-78; Mahaica, British Guiana 1913-16; Surinam, Dutch Guiana 1912-28; and South America 1975-79.

Records of leprosy work in Africa represent the following centres of activity:

Kenya: Chogoria 1923-48, 1955-66, 1967-1975, 1976-84; Alupe 1985-87; Itesio 1953-4;

Zambia: Chitokoloki 1927-48, 1955-66, 1973-84; Chikankata 1962-66, 1967-1975, 1976-84, 1985, 1986-87; Nsadzu 1931-68; Kawinbe 1959-69, 1960-67; Luampa 1955-75, 1976-84; Ndola, Fiwale Hill 1960-73; Fiwilia 1973-79; Mukinge 1976-81, Zambia Leprosy Specialist 1981-82, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, and Zambia generally 1966-67, 1985-87;

Zaire: Yoseki 1945-48, 1976-84; Chibambo 1931-61; Nebobongo 1939-48, 1955-66, 1967-81; Kimpese 1956-66, 1967-72; 1973-5, 1976-78, 1979-84, 1985, 1986-87; Malingwia 1955-63, 1959-79; Nyankunde 1956-64, 1975-78, 1985, 1986-87; Dungu 1961-1975, Pimu 1944-75, 1976-84; Todro 1961-75, Luanza 1976-84; Yakusu 1959-79; and Zaire generally 1977-81, 1982-4, 1985-87.

Ethiopia: Addis Ababa 1933-36, 1967, 1969, 1972, and 1965 (new projects); Dessie and Sheshemane 1956-57, 1958-66, 1967-75, 1976-78, 1976; Loto 1955-75, 1976-84 (now Zaire); Luanza 1934-48, 1955-75; Mbuluzi 1976-78.

Nigeria, Etinan 1929-31; Oji River 1935-36, 1955-78; Diko 1940-48, 1955-66, 1967-75; Ekpene Obom 1931-48, 1953-75, 1976-81, 1982-84, 1985, 1986, 1987; Itu 1946-48, 1952-4, 1955-69; Kaduna 1940-48, 1955-63; Uburu 1955-67; Uzuakoli 1938-48, 1955-75, 1976-84, 1985-87; Yoseki 1955-75; Alushi 1959-75, 1976-84, 1985-87; Mongu 1966-78; Ochadamu 1955-75, 1976-81; Patigi 1955-76; Biafra Leprosy Work 1969-70; Maiduguri 1965-68; Ogoja 1962-65; Zaria 1958-61; and there are field files for 1964-70.

Tanganyika, Kalimatinde; Madagascar 1916-17, 1918-1943, 1976-77; Northern Rhodesia: Mbereshi, 1912-27; Zimbabwe 1982-4; South Africa, Pretoria 1913-17, 1918-48, 1955-74, 1973-78; Mozambique, Bela Vista 1932-43; Rawanda: Bunyonyi, 1928, 1931-48; Angola: Camundongo, 1934-48, 1955-66, 1967-1975; Chissamba 1946-66; Jamba, Catala, Kalukembe 1978-81; and Angola generally 1976-80.

Uganda: Kumi 1928-33, 1952-57, 1958-60, 1961-63, 1964-66, 1967-69, 1970-72, 1973-1975, 1976-78, 1979-84; Kumi and Ongino 1934-43, 1944-48; Alupe 1955-66, 1967-1975, 1976-84; Bunyonyi 1955-66; Bunyonyi/Kigezi 1967-1975, 1976-78 1979-84; and Kuluva 1946-66, 1952-1975, 1976-84, 1985-87.

Tanzania: Kola Ndoto 1929-48, 1955-75, 1976-78, 1979-81; Makutopora 1929-48, 1955-62; Hombolo 1956-62, 1963-66, 1967-1972, 1973-5, 1979-81, 1982-84; Hombolo (Dodoma Project) 1974-77, 1976-78, 1978-81, 1982-84, 1985, 1985-86, 1986-7; Sikonge 1956-66, 1967-75; Masasi 1968-75, 1976-78; Sikonge 1976-84; Chazi 1967-72, 1960-78ff; Makete 1960-61;

Malawi: Loudon (formerly Bandawe) 1930-48; Koc(h)ira 1964-66, 1976-80; Guinea-Bissau: Bissora 1955-66, 1967-75; Guinea 1981-86; Gabon: Lambarene 1951-4, 1955-66, 1957-69, 1967-74; Cameroon: Manyemen 1955-66, 1967-75, 1976-84, 1978-1979ff (also Maroua, Ngaoundere 1979-81, 1980-81, 1982-84, 1982-87 Soulede), 1985-87; and Cameroon generally 1976, 1980, 1985-87.

For South Africa: Mkambati 1963-76; Swaziland: Nbuluzi 1946-66; Mbuluzi 1953-75;

For Sudan: Nyakma 1956-64, 1960-62; Omdurman 1935-66, 1967-75, 1985-87; Lui (Luri Rokwe) 1928-73, 1976-81; and Sudan generally 1976-81.

For Niger: Maradi 1962-75, 1976-84; Ghana: Oti River 1965-73, 1982-84; Lesotho 1975-78, 1979-80, 1981, 1982-84, 1985-87; Namibia: Masari 1973-76, 1976-78 and Sierra Leone 1975-76.

There are holdings concerning the following organisations: BELRA General 1924-45, BELRA Reports 1925-30, BELRA 1946-48; The Leprosy Study Centre 1964-83: Histopathology (Service after closure of the Leprosy Study Centre 1985-86); United Leprosy Aid Committee 1964-74; ALERT Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 1966; the Churches Medical Association of Zambia (CMAZ) 1977-78; the Nepal Leprosy Trust 1970-78; the Tanzania Leprosy Association; and ALERT Addis Ababa 1968-86; a survey of selected missionary societies 1968; documents relevant to WHO 1981-2; and LEPRA 1981-4, 1985-6.

There are records relevant to various conferences and congresses such as the following: the Calcutta Conference Report 1920; International Leprosy Conferences: Strasbourg 1923, Cairo 1938, and Mexico 1978; the Indian Workers’ Conference, Chandkhuri 1932; TLM Conferences 1966, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979; and Southern Asia Conference papers 1982-83.

There is a copy of the India Lepers Act 1898 and Indian Government - Acts and Correspondence 1890-1914.

There are numerous TLM publications, most notably “Without the Camp” American Edition 1914-58; Australian Edition: 1913-1984; Canadian Edition: 1918-83; Scottish Edition: 1959-82; Southern Africa 1951-82; Home Edition: 1898-1985; Irish Edition: 1959-73; New Zealand Edition: 1930-83, as well as Indian Auxiliary Reports and Pamphlets 1914-65, En Action (Switzerland) 1972-84 and Aktion Lepra (Switzerland) 1973-84.

There are documents associated with the following people:
W M Danner’s Tour in the Far East 1917-1918; 1925-26
General Secretary’s Tour Reports: 1919-31, 1932, 1935-36
Survey conducted by Cochrane 1925
Cochrane 1924-27, 1928-29 (in his capacity as Medical Adviser) 1943-47, 1948, 1949-50, 1951-54, 1957-64, 1955-68
Rev F Oldrieve in his capacity as Secretary for India 1922-23
Mr A D Miller 1921-23, 1953-4 on tour
Dr and Mrs Kellersberger’s Tour 1946, 1947-8
Wellesley C Bailey personal papers 1916-17
Dr E Muir 1951, 1952-64
Dr K M Young 1951-52
Dr J C Pedley 1955-76
Mary Reed letters to HQ 1904-1912
G N Fox tour diary 1971, 1972
Dr P W Brand 1954-64 (in his capacity as Director of Orthopaedic work) 1965
Dr S G Browne (Medical Consultant) 1966-72, 1973-74, 1975-78, 1961-65 (in his capacity as consultant for West Africa); papers 1972-1978; biographical information 1958-85
W G Bailey "dates and events in my life" 1846-1924
A Donald Miller’s tour diaries 1949 and correspondence while on tour; biographical information 1960-82
W H P Anderson 1942 and early letters; tour diary 1919-20, 1924-25, 1935-6
Copies of old field letters 1898-1905
Tour Reports 1947-50, 1953-59, 1961-65, 1966-69, 1970-73, 1974-78, 1979, 1980-82
A D Waudby tour diaries 1983-6, 1975-83
A D Askew 1984-86
Dr J L Maxwell (biography)1873-1951
Laurie Baker’s sketchbook (India)
R G Cochrane biographical information 1958-85
T F Davey biographical information1960-83
Major General Leonard Rogers 1955-63

There is a large collection of photographs of various sites in India, Africa, and Hong Kong particularly. There are also lantern slides 1920-1930.

Entry updated January 2016

Contact

Name Joyce Missing
Organization The Leprosy Mission International
Address TLM International, 80 Windmill Road, Brentford, Middlesex, TW8 0QH, United Kingdom.
Telephone +44 (0)20 8569 7292
Fax +44 (0)20 8569 7808
Email friends@tlmint.org

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