International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

International Leprosy Association -
History of Leprosy

Timeline

Timeline Search

21 matches out of all 3,288, 1 to 21 displayed.

1934 UzuakoliBrown, J A K, "The Leprosy Colony, Uzuakoli, South Nigeria. First annual report, March 31st, 1933", Leprosy Review, 5.1 (1934): 92.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1935 UzuakoliBrown, J A K, "The Leprosy Colony, Uzuakoli, South Nigeria. Second annual report, March 31st, 1934", Leprosy Review, 6.2 (1935): 92.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1935 UzuakoliArmstrong, H C, "Account of visit to leprosy institutions in Nigeria", Leprosy Review, 6.4 (1935): 153.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1936 UzuakoliBrown, J A K, "Third annual report - 1934 - of the Native Administration Leprosy Colony, Uzuakoli, Nigeria", Leprosy Review, 7.1 (1936): 22.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1936 Uzuakoli"Leper institutions in Nigeria - Report of visits by the medical secretary of the BELRA: 12 - Uzuakoli Leper Settlement", Leprosy Review, 7.4 (1936): 176
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1936 UzuakoliT F Davey took over as Superintendent of the leprosarium, under the Methodist Missionary Society.
Source: RG Cochrane, "Report on visit to Nigeria, 15th March to 1st May, 1952", Leprosy Review, 24.1 (1953): 33-51, on p 36. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1937 UzuakoliDavey, T F, "Native Administration Leprosy Colony, Uzuakoli", Leprosy Review, 8.4 (1937): 174.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1937 UzuakoliRussell, L M, "Notes on babies in leper colonies", Leprosy Review, 8.4 (1937): 184.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1937 UzuakoliThe first accurate leprosy surveys were undertaken in the neighbourhood. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1938 UzuakoliStatistics for the Colony were given in the 1939 report:
  • 1077 patients were resident on December 31st 1938.
  • 106 patients were admitted.
  • There were 1039 patients remaining at December 31st 1939.
  • Patients treated at outstation clinics:
    • Alayi (opened in Dec 1939): 95;
    • Nkpore (opened Feb 1939): 319;
    • Igbere (Feb 1939): 73;
    • Uturu (May 1939): 328;
    • Uzuakoli (Oct 1938): 186;
    • Ibeku (June 1939): 40;
    • Ozuitem (June 1939): 125;
    • Isieke (Dec 1939): 77.

The report continued "The medical work of the Colony is on a tremendous scale. Every week at Uzuakoli and at Clinics more than 3,000 leprosy treatments are given, and during the year, the total number of treatments given has exceeded 200,000."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1938 UzuakoliIn a report to the Leprosy Mission, Davey wrote:
"The Uzuakoli Leper Colony, Nigeria, is a modern and efficient institution financed by the Native Administration with the cooperation of the methodist Missionary Society which is responsible for the religious and social welfare of the patients.

There are now 1,100 of these living in the colony and during the last four years, probably 5,000 people have been refused admission." [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1939 UzuakoliThe Owerri Province Leper Settlement Uzuakoli Annual Report for 1939
"The year 1939 has been the most remarkable year in the history of the colony. It has seen the inception of a far reaching scheme of leprosy control work which has more than doubled the patients receiving treatment and has extended the influence of the Colony to a remarkable degree.

In the Annual Report of the Colony for 1938, a comprehensive scheme for Leprosy Control work was proposed. Its adoption at the beginning of 1939 has affected every phase of the life of the Colony, and has considerably altered the outlook for leprosy work in the Province. The Uzuakoli Colony is no longer a large, isolated unit, but rather, as Dr Muir stated in his report after his visit, it is the hub of a wheel which is radiating in all directions."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1939 UzuakoliThe First Report on Control Work Undertaken by the Staff of the Provincial Leper Settlement, Uzuakoli for 1939 suggests that the incidence of leprosy in the province is probably the highest in the world. The report then goes on to describe how in October 1938, letters were written to the Councils of 19 clans in the Bende and Okigwi Divisions explaining the scheme. There was an immediate response, 17 councils replied requesting the early commencement of leprosy work in their areas.

The survey results indicated an incidence of 33 per 1000. The report stated that "These figures give some idea of the immensity of the problem to be faced. Approximately one sixteenth of the total population of the bende Division has been examined. The areas examined may be considered as representative of the Division and a leprosy incidence of approximately 7,000 must be considered a conservative estimate for this Division alone."
On the subject of the Leprosy Clinics, the report continues: "The provision of treatment for lepers is an essential part of any humane scheme of leprosy control. The building of leprosy clinics has continued through 1939, and at the year end eight are in operation. The most striking feature of them all is that they have not cost a single penny. Land in all cases has been given by chiefs, and lepers have themselves built what simple buildings are necessary."

The future direction for the colony is "to concentrate more and more on diagnosis, training and research, and with standardised courses for leper nurses and leprosy inspectors, an important start has been made."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1939 UzuakoliDavey, T F, "Uzuakoli leper colony", Leprosy Review, 10.3 (1939): 171.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946. [Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1940 UzuakoliMuir, E, "Report on leprosy in Nigeria - Leprosy institutions: Uzuakoli Leper Settlement", Leprosy Review, 11.1 (1940): 58.
Source: Keffer, L, Índice Bibliográfico da Lepra:1.500-1.944, Vol II, I-P. Biblioteca do Departamento da Lepra do São Paulo, Brasil, 1946.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1943 Uzuakoli
In the 1943 report for the work at Uzuakoli of the previous year, the introduction states that
"The year 1942 has witnessed further wide expansion of the work of the Uzuakoli Settlement. Clinics operating at the commencement of the year have become firmly established, and with 15 clinics opened during the year, regular leprosy treatment is now being given at 44 centres, and over 11 000 patients are being treated every week. The shortage of hydnocarpus oil has often rendered the maintenance of treatment very difficult, but in spite of the enforced low dosage, 112 patients have been discharged symptom free from clinics and 60 from Central Settlement.

Leprosy control work has made considerable progress. Lepers have now voluntarily segregated themselves in the model villages. In addition, 20 more sites for villages have been approved and building is in progress on some of these.

In spite of the large scale of the work now being undertaken, one half of the Province remains untouched. In Bende Division intensive leprosy control work is in progress and possibly 50 per cent of the leper population is receiving treatment. In Okigwi and orlu, in spite of huge numbers of patients, we are but touching the surface of the problem. In Owerri and Degema Divisions there are no clinics whatever, while in Aba and Ahoada, control work is in its infancy. It is now obvious that we must consider 50 000 as too low an estimate for the number of lepers in the Province."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1944 UzuakoliLeprosy Control in Owerri Province 1944: A Report on the Sixth Year of Control Work in the Provinces states:
"Out of a population of just over 2 millions it is estimated that not far short of 75 000 people are suffering from leprosy today , and the Province is one of the most heavily infected areas in the world.

When all infectious cases are isolated, all patients receiving treatment and machinery is in operation for the repeated survey of the population and for continuous preventative work, the programme is complete, and a progressive diminution in the incidence of leprosy may be expected. A state of affairs approximating to this is actually in existence in a small number of clans, as follows: Bende clan, Ozuilem clan, Abam, Ndi Oji section, Abiriba clan, Nkporo villages, Oborodan."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1945 UzuakoliThe Uzuakoli Leprosy Settlement and Research Centre was reported to be part of the Nigerian Medical Service, when the Government assumed responsibility for the medical aspects of the work.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1952 UzuakoliRG Cochrane visited Uzuakoli on 19th March, 1952, and described the research Unit and work of the Medical Superintendent in "Report on visit to Nigeria, 15th March to 1st May, 1952", Leprosy Review, 24.1 (1953): 33-51, on pages 37-41. Cochrane also visited several nearby segregation centres: ibid., p. 41.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1955 UzuakoliThe Nigeria Leprosy Service Research Unit: Annual Report 1955 describes the "Leprosy Research Unit … as part of the Nigeria Leprosy Service, Eastern region, with the Federal Government retaining a financial interest in it." Its functions are described as including (1) Preliminary trials of new drugs; (2) Serological studies; (3) Biochemistry; (4) Some aspects of epidemiology". It also states: "DDS continues to hold the field as the standard anti-leprosy drug in general use at Settlements and outstations. There are still no signs of the development of drug resistance to it."
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
1957 UzuakoliAt the Silver Jubilee of Uzuakoli and the work of the Methodist Missionary Society a short history of the settlement was produced.
Uzuakoli Leprosy Settlement was founded by the combined enterprise of the methodist Missionary Society and the Local Authorities of Owerri Province, and was opened as the provincial Leprosy Settlement in August, 1932, with Dr J A Kinnear Brown as its first Superintendent. Under his leadership between 1932 and 1936 the Settlement grew into an institution catering for 800 patients, and foundations were laid and traditions established of the highest order.

1936 saw the arrival of the Settlement's present senior specialist, Dr T F Davey ...

As this work spread, there was revealed through clinics and surveys an immense amount of leprosy, presenting, often in the acute form, all the medical, social, economic and spiritual problems associated with this disease.

The arrival of Dr and Mrs Ross in 1940 brought added impetus to the work.

The establishment of the Research Unit by BELRA initiated six happy years of association with Dr J Lowe, years which saw the transformation of leprosy treatment through his studies of DDS.

The decline of leprosy which began to show itself here and there about 1946 has continued rapidly. The 16 000 patients in our care in 1948 have fallen to 4 000, and since the settlement was opened, over 13 000 have been discharged symptom free.
[Leprosarium] [Nigeria]
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