Rafael Lucio, MD (1819-1886), was Professor of Medicine at the University of Mexico for 36 years and was, at one time, the director of San Lazaro Hospital in Mexico City. He identified a special form of leprosy which bears his name. At the sessions of the Mexican Academy of Medicine in 1851-1852 he presented, in collaboration with Alvarado, a monograph on leprosy entitled "Opusculo sobre el Mal de San Lazaro o Elefanciasis de los Griego," in which they distinguished three clinical forms of leprosy; nodular, anesthetic and "manchada (spotted) or Lazarine." Special attention was given to the latter giving a detailed description. This work is considered as a masterpiece of Mexican leprology.
International Journal of Leprosy, Centennial Festskrift edition, Vol 41, No 2. 1973.